A wide range of innovative methods and approaches were used in RECARE. A description of these methods are provided below.
Rather than following a top-down approach in which scientific and other authorities determine what is going to be done about a certain soil threat at a site, the RECARE project was based on a bottom-up approach that aimed to let all relevant stakeholders make decision in a participatory way. The stakeholders included scientists, farmers and land managers as well as representatives of advisory services, civil society organizations, the private sector, the local administration and governmental organizations. The participatory approach meant that multiple stakeholders discussed problems and developed an answer together, by tapping into the wealth and diversity of expertise and experience represented in the group of mixed stakeholders. Such an approach resulted in more comprehensive solutions by taking into account multiple perspectives, interests, and concerns.
Sequence of main steps in the RECARE stakeholder process
Knowledge exchange and mutual learning among different stakeholders were key features of the participatory RECARE stakeholder process and were facilitated by the detailed methodological guidelines, which were developed for each of the steps in the process. For more details, please read the project brief HERE. An evaluation of the participatory approach can also be found HERE.
Within RECARE a conceptual framework was developed that reflects the specific contributions soils make to ecosystem services and helped reveal changes in ecosystem services caused by land management and policies affecting soil.
An expert assessment of the impacts of the different remediation options on ecosystem services at the case study sites was undertaken. In this expert assessment, RECARE researchers assessed how sustainable land management measures affect ecosystem services (ES). The researchers quantified the link between changed properties and (changed) ES, and identified their benefits and drawbacks. More details can be found in a report HERE.
The results from the expert assessment were then taken a step further in the 3rd stakeholder workshop, where the stakeholder’s valuation of benefits and drawbacks from ecosystem services were discussed. The results of this valuation process can be found HERE
A workshop and conference session informed the development of the RECARE approach to valuing ecosystem services
Workshop on Soil Threats and Ecosystem Services
The Work package 2 team of the RECARE project organised an ESS workshop in Wageningen on May 19th 2014. The purpose of the workshop was to exchange background information of the concept of EcoSystem Services and their interaction with the main topic within RECARE: Soil Threats.
|PowerPoint Presentation Download
|Dr. Leon Braat
|Social, economic & institutional aspects of ESS and EU [7.2Mb]
|Dr. Mark Everard
|Soil threats and ecosystem services [2.1Mb]
|Dr. Gudrun Schwilch
|ESS and soil functions in RECARE [8.9Mb]
A RECARE session devoted to consideration of ecosystems services from soils was convened at EGU 2015. The presentations from this session can be viewed below.
In the RECARE project, the economic analysis was led by Luuk Fleskens from Wageningen University. The team looked at the economics of the measures trialled in the case studies using a range of methods that considered not only the costs of the measures but also the benefits derived from their impacts.
A multi-method approach was taken to assess the costs and benefits of the implemented measuers at the field trial and Case Study level. The three methods used were:
- Ecosystem services valuation
- Baysian Belief Networks
- Cost-effectiveness analysis
The RECARE project is funded by the European Commission FP7 Programme, ENV.2013.6.2-4 ‘Sustainable land care in Europe’. EU grant agreement: 603498. Project officer: Maria Yeroyanni.